On the heels of immense outcry over the avalanche of tax increases and the introduction of new expenses being instigated by Government, persons are now likely to also pay a higher fee for the rental of lease lands.Lease lands are commonly used by investors for industrial and agricultural purposesA land re-evaluation exercise will soon get underway with the aim of assessing the current market value of all state-lands in order to increase the fees for the rental of lease lands in accordance with the present market value.Minister of State Joseph Harmon made this disclosure on Wednesday during the Parliamentary Standing Select Committee on Natural Resources, chaired by parliamentary Opposition People’s Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/C) Member of Parliament Odinga Lumumba.The Minister of State spoke on matters related to land titling, climate change and Information Communication Technology (ICT).Harmon explained that Government is moving to put in place a land classification system to develop and implement a classification methodology for revision of rental rates, based on assessments of the market value of land.Lease lands are commonly used by investors for industrial and agricultural purposes, and they stand to bear the brunt of these increased fees should Government proceed with this initiative.Harmon indicated that the fees presently being charged are well below market value and as such, Government needs to ascertain the lands’ true value so that the right amount can be paid.“If you look at the price paid for one acre of State land to the Lands and Surveys Commission, then you will understand what I am talking about,” he reasoned.He pointed out also that in areas where the land rates have been significantly low, large enterprises still failed to pay those rates over the years which resulted in difficult circumstances under which the Guyana Lands and Surveys Commission (LSC) had to operate.He posited that the intention of the Government is to ensure the LSC becomes a profitable entity with little to no dependency on Government funding.“We have to change that and we have to ensure that the Guyana Lands and Surveys Commission is a profitable undertaking and one that can stand on its own feet without having to have too much Government intervention,” Harmon stated.Already, Government has increased property taxes, gun licence fees, operating licence fees, introduced container taxes, University of Guyana graduation fees, and registration fees for Government schools, among others. (Devina Samaroo)
It is hard for some administrators of football clubs to agree to the rules and regulations of the 2014/2015 National League which are to be amended for the 2nd phase of the League.This involves the reduction of penalties for players who would be given a red card for committing a violent offence.As a result there are understandable divisions amongst the 23 football clubs over the inaugural introduction of the new red-card.According to the amended rules of the penalty for red cards, circulated on the 22nd of June, the LFA has ruled that players would only miss the game in which they are red carded, but would not be banned the following game.Some of the clubs have described the LFA’s new red-card rule as controversial and does not meet international standard.They argued that the new rule would make players vulnerable to injury and panic to score.The Secretary General of the LFA, Alphonso Armah and the Chairman on Competition, Ansu Dorley, in separate explanations said the decision was made by the Executive Committee, the highest decision making body in the absence of Congress, and their ruling was based on the shortness of the ‘league’ and a proposal from some of the stakeholders.The two officials reiterated yesterday at the LFA headquarters during the LFA Cup (Knockout) 2nd Phase draw that the amended red-card rule is binding only on the game a player is red carded and could only be altered either by the Executive Committee or Congress, which is scheduled in October 2015.Both men said amongst the 23 clubs, only BYC Football condemned the new red-card rule. However, Armah said the teams would only be responsible to pay L$1,500 for the red card, while yellow card is L$750.Mr. Adolphus Dolo, the Chairman of the Board of Nimba United; Mamie Kpoto – the President of Keitrace FC; the Secretary General of LISCR FC, Swen Bedell and the Administrative Manager of Monrovia Club Breweries, Eric Panton, in separate interviews expressed dissatisfaction over the ‘new red-card rule. They argued that a player must be banned for at least one further match.Mr. Dolo blamed the disunity amongst stakeholders for most of the “bad laws” from the LFA, while Mr. Wleh said the rule does not only fail to protect a player but also scare players from playing aggressively to win.Madam Kpoto said some of the LFA decisions are intended to protect the interest of certain clubs – who are allies and cronies of the administration, while the Breweries’ administrative manager said the new red-card rule isn’t in the interest of fair football.The LFA leagues, championship and knockout, are expected to close the end of the league – which means Congress’s decision would only affect the 205/2016 League.In the past, red card is the heaviest punishment the referee can give a player. The offender must leave the field at once, and he may well be banned for at least one further match which depends on the gravity of the offense. Once he is gone, he cannot be replaced by a substitute; his team must continue with one less player. In other leagues, like the English Premier League there is an automatic three-match ban, although players can appeal against this.The offences that warrant a red card are defined in FIFA Laws of the Game, including being guilty of ‘serious foul play’ (for instance, a very dangerous tackle), violence, spitting on an opponent or other person and denying the other side an opportunity to score by handling the ball.Others are denying the other side the opportunity to score by fouling a player, offensive or abusive language or gestures.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
With the recent announcement made by President David Granger of the establishment of an energy ministry by 2020, Opposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeo has now questioned whether the Government has a Terms of Reference (ToR) in place for the hiring of person in this field.He noted that the newly appointed Head of the Department of Energy, Dr Mark Bynoe now has the responsibility of selecting candidates from the Department. But the Opposition Leader noted that nothing has been said about what the Department will actually do.“What are its Terms of Reference (ToRs)? You have to get ToRs before you even recruit people. How do you even recruit people, when you don’t know what they are coming to do? The ToRs of the Department must guide the skill type you recruit,” he added.Nevertheless, Jagdeo noted that Government is moving ahead with recruitingOpposition Leader Bharrat Jagdeopeople. “In the meantime, look at the newspapers, look at the incompetence and hundreds of millions of dollars… urgency in auditing the pre-contract cost. That money could pay all the teachers.”In August, Government appointed Matthew Wilks, a senior oil and gas business developer and negotiator to serve as the Oil and Gas Adviser in the Department of Energy.Wilks, who has 32 years of experience in the global oil and gas industry, will offer critical advice to Dr Bynoe who is an environment and resource economist.During the President’s third press conference, he noted his Administration’s intention to establish a ministry that would be responsible for the oil and gas sector but on Wednesday told reporters on the sidelines of an event that the ministry would be established before 2020.He stated that the present configuration of Cabinet is determined by the Cummingsburg Accord, a sweetheart agreement that brought the A Partnership for National Unity (APNU) and the Alliance For Change (AFC) together as a coalition to contest the May 2015 Elections.Based on the present configuration, Granger said it is not likely that after three years in Government, a new ministry would be created. “I think at this stage after three years we wouldn’t want to add a new ministry, particularly as the Department of Energy is now being established in terms of its organisation, administration, legislation,” he explained.Cabinet in March officially approved the creation of an Energy Department that would oversee Guyana’s oil and gas sector. Ministerial responsibility for the sector was stripped from Natural Resources Minister Raphael Trotman and given to Minister of State Joseph Harmon.Government said the reason for this change was mainly to bring some organisational structure to the sector that will look at legislation to be introduced, negotiation with potential investors, exploration and production licences, public communication, and the engagement of experts, among others.They also assured that energy-related responsibilities lying with Public Infrastructure Minister David Patterson would remain untouched for now, especially responsibility for the Guyana Power and Light.Trotman, and indeed the Government, has received much criticism for the way the budding oil sector is being handled. There have, in the past, even been calls to have Trotman removed from his position.The main reason for this was because of the discovery that Government had stashed in a private account in the Central Bank; US$18 million it had received from ExxonMobil as a signing bonus.Though this discovery was made since last year, the Government has made no attempt to have the money placed into the Consolidated Fund. Many have argued that Article 216 of the Guyana Constitution dictates that all public revenue be placed in the Consolidated Fund.Trotman was also criticised for his handling of the oil contracts between Government and ExxonMobil. Even the Government’s own adviser on petroleum, Dr Jan Mangal, has been sceptical of Guyana’s two per cent royalty on earnings from oil sales, which he said is low compared to global standards.While Dr Mangal has not objected to the 50 per cent profit share Guyana will receive, he does believe that the generous tax concessions and two per cent royalty is nothing to boast about.
So it’s possible the grass may be overgrown the next couple of weeks, he said. – From staff reports 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREGame Center: Chargers at Kansas City Chiefs, Sunday, 10 a.m.“Anytime one of our graves are affected, it’s definitely a big issue for us,” Clark said. “But it’s not uncommon for irrigation issues to arise in a park our size.” Rose Hills has 1,600 acres and more than 50,000 sprinkler heads. “Usually we normally catch it when someone is out there,” he said. However, since Rose Hills typically waters in the evening when few people are there, sometimes the broken heads aren’t fixed for a while, he said. The soggy grass also may cause delays in mowing the lawn, Clark said. • Video: Watery graves at Rose Hills WHITTIER – Broken sprinkler heads at Rose Hills Memorial Park may cause some problems in sporadic areas for patrons during the next couple of days. Water was pouring out of two sprinkler heads in two areas – on Medallion Lawn near Gate 9 and off of Gate 14 – this weekend and Monday. That caused water to cover the grave markers and left the grass soggy, said Nick Clark, Rose Hills marketing director.
There’s a broad perception in South Africa that the country does not produce oil. The recent success of the Sable Mining Company is about to change all that.An ultra-deepwater drill rig off the shores of Cape Town. (Image: Michael Elleray)Brand South Africa reporterOn August 7 this year, oil started flowing from the Sable oil field, located 95 kilometres off South Africa’s southern coast and 150 kilometres southwest of Mossel Bay.The opening of the Sable oil wells has effectively tripled the country’s oil production. Added to Sasol’s coal-to-petroleum contribution, 45 000 barrels per day from Mossgas and 15 000 from PetroSA’s two existing oilfields – Oribi and Oryx – it means that South Africa now produces about half its petroleum needs.An oil rig being upgraded in Cape Town Harbour. (Image: Derek Keats)South Africa requires roughly 570 000 barrels of oil every day.The Sable oil field is expected to produce 20 to 25 million barrels of oil in the next three years. Initially, approximately 40 000 of the crude will be produced every day, replacing about 7% of South Africa’s import requirements for crude oil.And from October, almost one in every 10 litres of petrol South Africans buy will have come from the giant storage tanks of Sable’s radically modified Glas Dowr vessel.Rishi Singh, lead production technician on the vessel, told the Sunday Times newspaper: “Now, at certain stations, we’ll all be able to fill up with 100% South African. It’s a great feeling to be involved.”The Sable field is managed and 60% owned by PetroSA, with US-based Pioneer Natural Resources holding a 40% interest. In a rationalisation of the state’s commercial interests in the oil and gas sector, Mossgas and Soekor were merged into PetroSA in 2001.PetroSA chief executive Mpumelelo Tshume said: “A significant step has been taken by PetroSA towards realising stability as far as crude supplies are concerned for all South Africans, through Sable.”Pioneer’s general manager in South Africa, Marek Ranoszek, told the Sunday Times: “Having ploughed US$200 million into it, we were very pleased – and relieved – I can tell you. Sable further demonstrates that South Africans are capable of tackling complex projects.”The oil refinery in Durban processes most of the oil consumed in South Africa. (Image: John Karwocki)The oil will be sold to local refineries, including Caltex, BP and Shell, with the profits destined for the state’s coffers.Originally an oil tanker, the 105 000-ton Glas Dowr was refitted in Cape Town harbour at a cost of R300-million, and dropped its anchors over the field in April.The upgrade work on the ship was an economic boon for South Africa. More than 20 South African contractors, including black economic empowerment companies, performed the work.“We’ve been producing oil since May 1997, yet there is a wide perception that South Africa does not produce oil. I hope Sable will help to change that,” Frank van Baarsel, capital projects manager for PetroSA, told the Sunday Times.Source: South African Ministry for Trade and Industry, South African Oil and Gas Alliance (SAOGA) Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
We’re always on the lookout for upcoming Web tech events from around world. Know of any we’re missing? Let us know in the comments.You can import individual events in the Events Guide into Google Calendar using the link beside each entry, or download the entire thing as an iCal file (which is importable into Google Calendar, Outlook, Windows Live Calendar, etc.) or even view it as a world map. Know of something cool taking place that should appear here? Let us know in the comments below or contact us. 5 October 2010: New York CityFinovateFallFinovateFall will return to Manhattan on Tuesday, October 5 to showcase dozens of the biggest and most innovative new ideas in financial and banking technology from established leaders and hot young companies. The Fall event is the original and largest Finovate and features a single day packed with our special blend of short, fast-paced onstage demos (no slides are allowed) and intimate networking time with top executives from the innovative demoing companies.FinovateFall is a unique chance to see the future of finance and banking before your competition and find the edge you need in today’s market. Early bird registration rates are available.29 – 30 March 2011: LondonSocial Media World Forum EuropeSocial Media World Forum Europe: Two days of interactive & engaging conference featuring leading key figure keynotes, brand case studies, topical Q&A and debates, exhibition hall, workshops and networking.Social Media World Forum Europe is continuing to evolve and deliver an event which is second to none, ensuring our audience receive the maximum potential from attending our shows. New for 2011 we have introduced interactive panel discussions, live streamed debate sessions, collaborative learning, break-out group discussions, open Q&A portions in every session, open workshops, with group discussions and interactive zones within the exhibition hall. We have introduced the Online Marketing Toolbox Workshops, educating in all elements of the online marketing mix, such as SEO, Paid Search, Affiliate, Mobile & Apps. The perfect toolbox to complete your online marketing strategy.Download this entire events calendar in iCal format. A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market ReadWrite Sponsors Related Posts Blake Chandlee, VP & Commercial Director, EMEA, FacebookNicki Kenyon, Vice President, Digital Marketing APMEA, MasterCardReynold D’Silva, Global Brand Marketing Manager, UnileverPooja Arora, Brand Manager, P>homas Crampton, Asia-Pacific Director, 360 Digital Influence, Ogilvy Public Relations WorldwideLito S. German, Marketing Director, BMW Group AsiaRanjeet-Shandu Singh, Digital Project Manager, Ogilvy One SingaporeDerek Yeo, Head of Marketing, Tiger Airways Tags:#Events Guide#web 24 August 2010: New York CityFundingPost Summer Venture and Angel EventFundingPost has hosted 165-plus sold-out venture events in 19 cities over the past 9 years. At our next NY event, the panel of investors will focus on Early-Stage Venture Investing: How to meet investors, pitch them, and what it really takes to get them to write you a check!We will be discussing trends in Early-Stage Investing, hot sectors, sectors that these Angels and VCs look at, things that are most important to them when they are considering an Investment, the best and worst things an entrepreneur can do to get their attention, additional advice for entrepreneurs, and, of course, the best ways to reach these and other Investors. There will be plenty of time for networking with the Investor panelists, both before the panel & after the panel at the Cocktail Party! Register here.13 – 14 September 2010: Sydney, AustraliaOpen Source Software Pacific-Asia ConferenceOSSPAC is focused on helping enterprises of all sizes – businesses and government – learn how open source software can be used to reduce costs and increase efficiency in a scalable, reliable, and cost-effective way. Even though it provides plenty of technical sessions, the main audience for OSSPAC is IT managers, project leads, and executive management who are looking at leveraging open source in their organizations. We’re offering over 30 sessions on topics ranging from Cloud Computing to the Economics of Open Source. For more information, please visit www.osspac.com. 22 – 23 September 2010: SingaporeSocial Media World Forum AsiaSocial Media World Forum Asia is back for 2010. The event will be taking place at the larger venue – The Suntec Conference Centre – before the F1 Singapore night race. Two days of interactive and engaging conference featuring leading key figure keynotes, brand case studies, topical Q&A and debates, exhibition hall, workshops and networking. Speakers include:
Film DamageMaking your footage look like you shot it on celluloid (or like a VHS transfer) is undoubtedly one of the most popular post-production techniques. Several resources can help you achieve this look — from buying scanned film grain from websites like RocketStock.com to film-generated plugins like FilmConvert. However, while these resources will add luscious film grain to your footage, what about making it look old and worn? In Resolve 15, we now have a Film Damage plugin that will make your clips look like long-lost relics of the early 1900s.Let’s use the effect to make our clip look like it’s from a WWII archive (with some creative leeway). When you first apply the effect, it doesn’t look right. It looks like generic stock footage.This is another effect where we have to dig deep into the settings to get the results we want. We have four control panels to work with: blur and shift, add dirt, add scratch, and add vignetting.The first panel is where you will alter the foundation of the overall image. We can do that with a blur increase or decrease, a temperature shift, and a tint shift. The default temperature and tint does an okay job of giving the footage a sepia feel, but I still think the sharpness of today’s technology is too much, so we should increase the film blur from 1.5 to 2.The dirt panel, of course, controls the dirt, and the scratch panel controls the scratch. The default dirt is where my problem with the preset originates. It looks very false. Therefore, I’m going to decrease the density, decrease the dirt size, and increase the dirt blur — so it blends more organically with the original media.I think the default scratch value is fine. However, I will increase the blur to match the dirt. The final control panel is for the vignette, and I’m only going to increase the vignette focal factor.To finish, I’ve added a black and white film grade, some camera shake, and a 4:3 letterbox.BeforeAfterI’m quite happy with the finished result, and this required no external plugin or additional expense.Lewis McGregor is a certified DaVinci Resolve trainer.Looking for more information on Resolve? Check out these articles.Video Tutorial: How to Configure The ADR Panel In Resolve 15Your Guide to Working with Project Files in DaVinci ResolveThe New Features of DaVinci Resolve 15’s Edit PageGet To Know DaVinci Resolve 15’s Super Scale FeatureHow to Add Sound Effects to a Sound Library in DaVinci Resolve 15 Blackmagic Design’s DaVinci Resolve 15 offers some expanded effects. Here’s what you need to know about two in particular.Continuing our deconstruction of new features in Resolve 15, today we’re looking at two of the new effects (ResolveFX) now available in Resolve’s extensive effects library.There have been several new additions to ResolveFX: Film Damage, Flicker Addition, Dust Buster, DeFlicker, Automatic Dirt Removal, Patch Replacer, Lens Reflections, and Aperture Diffraction. (Although only Film Damage and Flicker Addition are available in the free version of Resolve 15.)I often find that when discussing new effects there’s not much use in just listing the features of the effect. (That’s what the manual is for.) However, many of these effects are entirely shot-specific and are not as universal as explaining how to apply a lightsaber effect at point A and point B. Therefore, we’re going to run through the Lens Reflection and Film Damage effects to try to match a reflection that appeared in a previous shot, as well as making the clip look like archival war footage.Let’s take a look.Lens ReflectionsLens reflections (not lens flares) are visual elements that you typically need to eliminate before you begin recording. A number of things can cause reflections, such as light leaks or, as you can see in the still below, a reflection in a variable ND filter. This is a common problem caused by stacked polarizing filters.Adding a reflection in post-production is slightly different from adding a lens flare. With a reflection, we’re going to see elements of the scene itself reflected in the image. In the still above, we can see part of the window frame flipped in the lower right corner.In Resolve 15, we get a Lens Reflection effect that can help with this problem. Just like working with flares, there are some constraints to using the effect. For example, you’re going to need a bright light source in the frame for the effect to take hold. Without one, the effect won’t even appear. Let’s look at how you can apply the reflection FX to a clip.First, we need to head to the color page because you cannot use this effect on the edit page. With a new node created, open the effects panel, and scroll down to “ResolveFX light” to find “Lens Reflection.” Generally, Resolve has presets and plugins that need only a few tweaks here and there. This effect, however, isn’t one of them. You need to customize the reflection it generates to make it look believable in your shot.By default, the lens reflection effect will look a little something like this.However, you’ll find that when you apply the reflection effect to a different a shot, the generated reflection will differ. That’s because the reflection depends on the luminance values of your shot. That’s why it’s essential to have a bright light source within the frame, or this effect won’t work. Also, unlike a lens flare, reflections do not require any tracking. Resolve automatically moves the reflection in correlation to the highlight in the shot.The default effect, at the moment, looks nothing like the real reflection. Thankfully, there is a variety of presets to start from, and you’ll find that the plain preset will give you a less stylized effect.The Reflection FX panel presents different control settings, but the main ones you’ll use to make your reflection look realistic are the isolation controls and the global controls. The isolation controls determine which highlights generate the lens reflection, while the global controls give you overall command of the reflection’s properties, such as the brightness and colorization.When I compare the generated reflection to the organic reflection, we can see that it’s not as sharp. Therefore, to decrease the sharp edges, I’m going to increase “smooth” to the maximum value. The original reflection is also quite transparent, whereas the generated reflection is predominantly visible. However, you won’t find an opacity parameter in the control settings. Why? Well, remember the effect depends on the highlights of the frame; therefore, to lower the opacity of the reflection, you need to decrease the brightness or increase the gamma. An increase in gamma will reduce the opacity value, and a decrease in brightness will lower the opacity value but also decrease the area of the reflection.The reflection is starting to look a lot more realistic. To finish, I’m going to add a slight green tint to match the original, and I’m also going to add grain to this node to make the reflection appear more organic.
One of the players was so exhausted she forgot who was serving. The other kept checking the ticking clock on center court and thinking to herself, “Brava, Francesca!”.The clock finally stopped at 4 hours and 44 minutes, when French Open champion Francesca Schiavone of Italy overcame Svetlana Kuznetsova 6-4, 1-6, 16-14 in the fourth round at the Australian Open and set a record for the longest women’s Grand Slam match in the Open era.Italy’s Francesca Schiavone (left) shakes hands with Russia’s Svetlana Kuznetsova after their fourth round match at the Australian Open on Sunday. Schiavone won 6-4, 1-6, 16-14. APExhausted but elated, Schiavone described the match as “fantastic!” Schiavone is now 30, the age when many players are considering retirement. But she’s on a roll, playing the best tennis of her career and creating new pieces of history as she ages. She won the French Open last year, becoming the first Italian to win a major and the oldest woman to win her first Grand Slam in four decades. She also became the oldest woman in 12 years to crack the top 10 for the first time.With Sunday’s win she set a new personal best, reaching her first Australian Open quarter-finals in 11 tries. She has played in 42 consecutive Grand Slams. She is also expected to rise from her current ranking of No. 6, which was already a career high. “When you’re in a situation like this, I think every point is the most important. It’s like every point is match point. You have to keep going,” she said. To be exact, Schiavone saved six match points and closed the final set on her third match point. “Physically you are tired,” she said. “Mentally it’s the same.”advertisementSchiavone kept fresh by dousing herself with bottled water at game changeovers, pouring it over her head and her arms and legs. Both players sought rub-downs from their trainers to ease tight muscles. The third set was a three-hour marathon, with incredible shots and saves by both players, going more-or-less game for game until Schiavone edged ahead and ended to it at a staggering 16-14.The longest previous women’s match in a Grand Slam was in Melbourne last year when Barbora Zahlavova-Strycova beat Regina Kulikova 7-6 (5), 6-7 (10), 6-3 in a match lasting 4:19.At Roland Garros last year, Schiavone gained a reputation for dropping to the court and kissing the clay, a ritual that started in the quarter-finals and continued through the final. There was no kissing the ground at Melbourne Park. Schiavone raised both arms to the sky and then walked to the net to hug Kuznetsova. “At some stage, I was like, ‘What’s the score? Who’s serving?”’ Kuznetsova said.Sunday’s record-setting match was almost spiritual. “What doesn’t kill you will make you stronger. I’m still alive and sitting here,” said the No. 26-ranked Russian. “I am a religious person and I believe in God. If he makes me go through this, I will go through this and keep my head high and work even harder. I’m proud of the work I’ve done,” she said.Schiavone said her focus never strayed. “I was watching the clock. I say, ‘Brava, Francesca! You are tough!” she said. The Italian expects another tough match in the quarter-finals when she faces No. 1 Wozniacki. Asked if she’ll have the energy for the next round, she smiled, “If you ask me now, I say, ‘No.”’ “But I am young. I can run,” she said. “I can do anything.”Match summary Kuznetsova vsSchiavone 69 1st Serve% 57 5 Aces 3 3 Double Faults 10 68 Unforced Errors 67 69 Winners (Including Service) 59 33 Break Point Conversion % 35 181 Total Points Won 177
A battling century from Ben Stokes rescued England on the first day of the second Test at Headingley but West Indies still dismissed Joe Root’s side for 258 on a much better day for the tourists.Stokes was eventually dismissed for exactly 100 — his sixth Test century — with Kemar Roach (4-71) and Shannon Gabriel (4-51) the main wicket-takers as West Indies put their first-Test rout behind them.The tourists’ batsmen then negotiated a tricky final 45 minutes to finish on 19/1, with Kraigg Brathwaite on 13 and nightwatchman Devendra Bishoo on one.The day would have had an even better had they held their catches but Stokes was dropped twice, on nine and 98, and Root, who went on to score 59, also put down on eight.England’s batsmen rode their luck and Root’s half-century was his 12th in successive Tests — equalling the world record of South Africa’s AB de Villiers.Even though their total could prove a good score on a helpful pitch, it was hardly what Root would have imagined when he won the toss and chose to bat.With the ball nipping around, England’s former captain Alastair Cook was the first to depart, edging Gabriel to Kyle Hope at third slip having made 11.Tom Westley lasted only 11 balls, his innings ending when he was trapped plumb lbw by Roach, and England slumped to 37 for three shortly after the hour mark when Mark Stoneman was caught by wicketkeeper Shane Dowrich when his attempted drive off Roach found the inside edge.This was a familiar England tale of top-order woe and worse followed after the interval when Dawid Malan was bowled off an inside edge by a delivery from Jason Holder.advertisementIt was left to Root and Stokes to stem their advance until England’s captain was dismissed, tickling an attempted sweep off Devendra Bishoo to Jermaine Blackwood at first slip.The wicket swung the day back towards the visitors who were celebrating again when Jonny Bairstow was caught low down at second slip by Holder off Gabriel.At the other end, Stokes motored on, adding 64 runs with Moeen Ali in 10 overs after tea before Moeen was caught slashing to cover.If anything, England’s formidable middle order has been strengthened by the introduction of Chris Woakes and he added 23 to help Stokes through to his century off 122 balls.Stokes did not add to that score and, in the same over he had been dropped on 98, was caught behind off Gabriel, who gave the batsman a verbal send-off.England’s last three wickets fell for no runs off 10 balls, leaving West Indies, who had lost 19 wickets in a day in the first Test, to face England’s Jimmy Anderson and Stuart Broad in overcast conditions.Backed up by a ring of close fielders, Anderson proved particularly challenging and had Kieran Powell snaffled at slip by Cook, his 150th Test catch, for five.But West Indies held on to give provide themselves with a good platform on which to build on Saturday.England are one nil up in the three-Test series.